Bortnyik, Sándor Marosvásárhely, 1893 - 1976, Budapest
He began his training as an artist in the independent school of Károly Kernstok, János Vaszary and József Rippl-Rónai in 1913. He is among the first followers of Kassák, with his lino-engravings published in the journal MA from as early on as 1918. He went into exile to Vienna after the fall of the Socialist Republic, preparing a portfolio of graphic art which Kassák considered one of the main pillars upon which the programme of Constructivism could set out. He broke with Kassák in 1922 and moved to Weimar, where he encountered the principles of the Bauhaus. On his return home in 1924 he became a founding member, author and set-designer of the Green Ass avant-guard theatre company. Bortnyik created a number of cutting-edge posters for advertisements in the twenties. He opened a school where his experiences of the Bauhaus could come into play as models in 1928. Victor Vasarely was among his pupils. He taught at the Hungarian Academy of Applied Arts from 1947 and was active as the chief editor of the journal Free Art from that same time. He held the position of Director at the Hungarian Academy of Fine Arts between 1949 and 1956.
Bibliography: Exhibition of the works by Sándor Bortnyik, introductory essay by POGÁNY Ö., Gábor, exhibiton cat., Budapest, Magyar Nemzeti Galéria, 1969. o BORBÉLY, László: Bortnyik (A Művészet Kiskönyvtára, 60), Budapest, Corvina, 1971. o Commemorative exhibition for Sándor Bortnyik, introductory essay by BORBÉLY, László, exhibition cat., Budapest, Magyar Nemzeti Galéria, 1977.
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